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January 31, 2011

War-Saxaafadeed:Madaxweyne Silaanyoo oo la kulmay Wafti ka Socota Dawlada Ingiriiska


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War-Saxaafadeed:Madaxweyne Silaanyoo oo la kulmay Wafti ka Socota Dawlada Ingiriiska

JAMHUURIYADDA  SOMALILAND
      Republic of SOMALILAND

Somaliland President and Andrew Mitchell UK Secretary of State for International Development

Xafiiska Af-hayeenka Madaxtooyada  JSL

 

Date: 31/01/2011

War-Saxaafadeed

 

Madaxweynaha JSL Mudane: AXMED MAXAMED MAXAMUUD (SIILAANYO) waxa uu maanta Qasriga Madaxtooyada ku qaabilay Wefti Balaadhan oo ka kooban 6 Xubnood uu horkacayo Wasiirka Iskaashiga iyo Xidhidhka Caalamiga ah ee DawladaIngiriiska MR. ANDREW MITCHELL.

Kulanka Weftigan oo ahaa kii ugu horeeyey ee Noocisa ah oo ay Dawlada Ingiriiska iyo Dawlada Somaliland wada yeeshaan waxa uu Madaxweynuhu Weftiga uga waramay Dadaalka ay Somaliland ugu jirto Qaran ku dhisan Dimuquraadiyad, cadaalad iyo Maamul wanaag.

 

Madaxwweynuhu waxa uu Weftiga Warbixin muqleh ka siiyey sida ay Somaliland wax u qabsatay, Dhinacyada Dhaqaalaha, Nabad-gelyada iyo Dawlad-nimada waxaanu sheegay in ay Somaliland Beesha Caalamka Ka dalbanayso in la Aqoonsado oo ay ka mid noqoto Qaramada Caalamka, Isla markaana ay Buuxisay Shuruudihii oo Dhan.

Geesta kalena Madaxweynuhu waxa uu Weftiga uu si wayn uga mahad-naqay Niyad Samida ay Dawlada ingiriisku u muujisay Somaliland iyo Booqashada ay ku yimadeen Dalka Somaliland.

 

Dhinaca Weftiga waxa u hadlay Wasiirka Dawlada Ingiriiska waxaanu Somaliland ku Amaanay Xidhiidhka iyo Wadda Shaqaynta ka Dhaxaysa Labada Dawladood ee Somaliland iyo Dawlada Ingiriiska oo ay ka mid yihiin:-

1. Dhinacayada Nabad-gelyada Iskaashiga Dhanka, Horumarinta Kaabayaasha Dhaqaalaha, Adeegyada Asasiga ah ee Bulshada iyo Ka hortaga Afooyinka Abaaraha.

2. Wasiirku Waxa uu Shirka kaga Dhawaaqay inay Go’aansatay Dawlada Ingiriisku in ay laban-laabayso Mucaawimada ay Dawlada Ingiriisku ku caawin jirtay Somaliland.

3. Waxa kale oo uu Wasiirku Cadeeyey in Halkii Berigiii hore ay Dawlada Somalailnd ay ka heli jirtay 40% Gar-gaarka loogu Tallo-galay Somaliland iyo Somaliya in loo bedelay Inay Somaliland Hesho 62% Kaalmada Dhaqaale ee ay Dawlada Ingiriisku Somalialnd iyo Somaliya Siiso

4. Waxa kale oo ay Dawlada ingiriisku Cadaysay in ay Somaliland u samaynayso Sanduuq Dhaqaale oo lagu Shubo qaar ka mida Lacagta Gar-gaarka oo ay Dawlada somaliland iyo Dawlada ingiriisku Si wada jira u maamulaan

Kulankan oo Qiimo wayn ugu fadhiya Somaliland waxa ay xukuumadu weftiga u soo bandhigtay Qorsheheeda dhinacyada Dhaqaalaha, Nabad-gelyada, Cadaalada, Horu-marinta, Waxbarashada iyo Caafimaadka iyo Tayeynta Shirkadaha Gaarka loo leeyahay iyo Meelaha uu Qorshahani uu Gacan qabashada uga baahan yahay.

Wasiirka Xidhidhka Caalamiga ah ee Ingiriiska ayaa isaguna Madaxweynaha iyo Xukuumada Somaliland-ba uga mahad naqay soo dhawaynta iyo warbixinta ay ka siiyeen Dalka Somaliland.

Ugu Danbayn Wasiirku waxa uu ku bogaadiyey Somaliland Isbedelada Muuqda ee Dhinacyada Siyaasada, Nabad gel-yada Waxbarashada iyo Caafiamadka, waxaanu ku nuux-nuuxsaday inay ka Go’an tahay Dawlada Ingiriiska inay Garab Joogsato Deddaalka ay Shacabka iyo Xukuumada Somaliland ay kuwada Jiraan sidii ay u noqon lahayeen Dal la aqoonsan yahay oo ka Mida Caalamka.

Dhinaca Xukuumada Somaliland waxa Madaxweynaha kulanka ku Wehelinaayey Wasiirka Arrimaha Debeda, Wasiirka Qarshaynta Qaranka, Wasiirka Arrimaha Gudaha iyo Wasiirka Maaliyada.

ALLAA MAHAD LEH

 Cabdillaahi Maxamed Daahir ( Cukuse )

Af-hayeenka Madaxtooyada JSL

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January 30, 2011

As Southern Sudan, Somaliland deserves AU’s recognition


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As Southern Sudan, Somaliland deserves AU’s recognition

The African Union (AU) chief told AP the organization intends to be the first to recognize Southern Sudan as a new state should the result of its referendum be secession.

Malawi’s President Bingu wa Mutharika made the statement on 26th Jan 2011 after meeting Southern Sudan’s Leader Salva Kiir. Mutharika currently holds the rotating chairmanship of the 53-member African Union. “Sudan will be on the agenda when the AU holds a regular AU meeting later this month” He concluded (AP).

After 21-years of civil war against Arab compatriots, the early results show strong support for secession. The final and official result will be announced on early February 2011. The referendum was part of peace deal signed 2005 between the late leader of Southern Sudan Dr. John Garn and Sudan’s Arab led government in Khartoum.

This statement is showcasing the AU’s support to secession even before the official result announced. It seems the AU recognized South Sudan without agreed constitution, and no official name for the new government. No defined territory and population.

What is puzzling is why the AU and other international organizations like UN are giving a blind eye to the question of independence by Somaliland?! The world recognized southern Sudan government and Khartoum had no option but to accept. It is very normal that independence and secession could come from outside like East Timor, Yugoslavia, Bangladesh. All these countries won independence with outside intervention and local authorities were forced to accept.

This invalidates AU’s argument asking Somaliland to negotiate with the shaky and powerless government in Mogadishu over its independence. Somaliland has elected government and parliament and controls every inch of its colonial border (British Somaliland), unlike transitional government in Mogadishu that controls less than two percent of the capital.

Somaliland has world-standard, modern and democratic nation; it hosted free and fair elections; it has army that obeys international military regulations; police with excellent human rights record; currency that is circulated in many parts of East Africa; flag that flies in many countries; national anthem; finally it has elected parliament and government.

In 2010, the Somaliland opposition won presidential election and there was peaceful, civilized and democratic power transfer, unlike many African countries where dictators hang on the power like Ivory Coast and Kenya. Today’s Opposition Leader and Former President Dahir Riyale Kahn handed over the leadership to the Former Opposition Leader and today’s President Mohamed Ahmed Siilanyo – The power-transfer ceremony was rare seen in Africa.

UN’s charters that define nations say “A sovereign state is a state with a defined territory on which it exercises internal and external sovereignty, a permanent population, a government, independence from other states and powers, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states”. Somaliland fulfills all these conditions and more like democracy, free-fair elections, good governance and excellent human Rights record, in addition to freedom of expression.

Again, Somaliland’s case does not underestimate the right of self-determination of the people of Southern Sudanese, instead the government of Somaliland was first to vow recognizing the new government out of Southern Sudan despite its unrecognized status.

Both people of Somaliland and Southern Sudan suffered under brutal and merciless regimes for decades; both people faced discrimination on different bases; thousands of both people were murdered in addition to genocide and ethnic-cleansing by the regimes in Mogadishu and Khartoum.

Somaliland and Southern Sudan emerged after years of freedom armed struggle, they forced the occupying regimes to leave or negotiate peacefully. In Somaliland, regime was overthrown by force and Southern Sudanese forced Al-Bashir regime to negotiate and accept their demands.

In brief, Somaliland was an independent nation for five days before the disastrous unity with Italian Somalia on 1st July 1960. Somaliland had designated Prime Minister and Cabinet before the unity. The crawling unity continued until 18th May 1991, at the rebirth of Somaliland.

After 50 years, AU is not considering the freedom voice from Somaliland while it is offering unconditionally support to the new state in Southern Sudan that has no colonial border and defined population, which conflicts with African Union´s charter on the territorial integrity.

Interestingly, the strong diplomacy of Southern Sudanese and western backing forced AU and its leaders to accept Southern Sudan without considering the AU’s regulations that preserves the integrity of the colonial borders African nations inherited from European colonizers.

In contradiction, AU is waving conditions in accepting Somaliland as independent nation, which has a defined territory with bounders and inherited from the former British Somaliland; Somaliland has permanent population of 3.5 million. It controls its territory; it has bilateral diplomatic and security relations with neighboring countries; Somaliland Passport is been used in Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti. Somaliland President uses local passport while traveling to Europe and USA.

It was USA Former President Bill Clinton administration who started campaigning for southern Sudan, which built up pressure on Khartoum regime and forced the AU leaders to accept the new nation. Until today, former foreign secretary Madeleine Albright is leading the campaign that freed Southern Sudan. There are other USA famous figures including Congressmen and VIPs.

Most probably there are different interest behind such USA support including the oil in the region. It is very sure, that southern Sudanese without USA and western support could have face difficulties and conditions in achieving their dream of self-determination.

In such situations of AU’s failure, all members including Somaliland are forced to seek outside support to convince AU leaders, who cannot decide for their own destiny. Somaliland unambiguously fulfills all the condition for statehood as per AU charter but without western backing.

Somaliland has more territory and a bigger population than at least a dozen other African states, we point out. Recognition will not “open Pandora’s box in Africa”. Neither will it set a precedent that has been done already in East Timor and Kosovo. “The international community is focused on Somalia, it is okay. We are saying, ‘Keep doing what you’re doing in Mogadishu, but for goodness sake help those who help themselves: Somaliland’.” Congratulations to the Southern Sudanese:

The African Union (AU) Observers have certified South Sudan’s secession vote “free, fair, credible and a true reflection of the democratically-expressed will of the South Sudanese voters.” In its preliminary statement on the conduct of the vote, which could lead to the creation of Africa’s newest country and pave the way for the independence for Somaliland, the AU said the referendum was conducted in a safe and peaceful environment.

By\Abdulaziz Al-Mutairi

Email: az.almutairi@yahoo.com

January 27, 2011

VIDEOS/PHOTOS:Somaliland’s hopes for international recognition


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Somaliland’s hopes for international recognition

 

By BBC News : Zeinab Badawi

When you land at the clean, tidy airport in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, you feel you could have arrived in any small African state.

Freedom Square reminds people of the struggle to break away from Somalia

The police are courteous and wear freshly-pressed uniforms, the Somaliland flag flutters gently in the hot morning breeze, and you move briskly through the airport security.

The taxi you take into town is paid for in Somaliland’s currency, the shilling.

But do not get carried away – despite the outward trappings of statehood, this is a country that does not officially exist.

Somaliland unilaterally declared its independence from the rest of Somalia in May 1991, after the fall of the country’s military strongman, Mohamed Siad Barre.

He fled the country exactly 20 years ago on Wednesday, after two decades in power.

Monument

I made my way to Freedom Square in central Hargeisa to see the monument, which reminds those here of the bitter battle they fought to break away from the rest of Somalia. Around 50,000 people died.

The actual fighter jet used by Barre’s forces to bomb the city is on a dais, underneath the figure of a woman holding the green, white and red of the Somaliland flag, looking skywards in hope.

VIDEO:Somaliland’s hopes for international recognition

Jumhuriya newspaper

There, I spoke to a local journalist, Albdelhakim Mohamed from the Jumhuriya newspaper.

“We want our independence here in Somaliland,” he told me.

“We have a country. We have a parliament, a free press, and businesses just like London and New York.”

At the base of the monument, a body lay wrapped in cardboard.

At first I was not sure if it was part of the display, then I realised it was just a homeless man who had spent the night at its foot.

Around the monument is also a market where goods of all kinds are readily available.

Traditional spices mingle with the ubiquitous plastic of Chinese imports, brightly coloured sandals, plastic buckets and hair decorations.

Vital remittances

Abdirashid Duale admits Somaliland's unofficial status affects business with abroad

I walked through the market with Abdirashid Duale, the head of Dahabshiil, Africa’s largest money transfer company.

Tall, elegant and expensively clad – his company makes a lot of money here – he was reticent to commit to whether Somaliland should be recognised as independent; after all, his business interests extend all over Somalia.

When I ask him whether Somaliland’s unofficial status affects business, he admits it is a challenge.

But Dahabshiil, like other financial corporations in the 21st Century, can base its headquarters anywhere in the world these days. Mr Duale spends most of his time in neighbouring Kenya.

VIDEO:Somaliland President’s speaks of hopes for Somaliland recognition

From the people I chatted to informally in Hargeisa, I was left with the overwhelming impression that they would find it hard to re-integrate into the rest of Somalia.

Though with the Somaliland government so intent on independence it is hard to know if some were reluctant to speak their minds too freely.

People use money exchange centres to retrieve the funds sent to them by wire transfer

According to the World Bank, the Somali diaspora as a whole sends about $1bn (£632m) to their relatives back home every year.

Here in Hargeisa, with no official help from the outside world and no recognition as a state, most official aid is closed to them. So the remittances are a vital source of income.

People use the many money exchange centres dotted around Hargeisa to retrieve the funds sent to them by wire transfer.

I went into one office with Mr Duale.

Some people recognised him as the big boss, and I had no trouble being escorted into the back office where money was being counted.

Despite the scene, often money does not actually change hands – many transactions are carried out over the internet.

‘On our guard’

Somaliland seems a world away from the chaos and violence of south and central Somalia, which includes the capital Mogadishu.

The country is divided. Puntland in the north is a semi-autonomous state and Somaliland is a functioning state in all but name.

But Somaliland is not immune from the militant brand of Islamism that afflicts other parts of Somalia.

In 2008, suicide car bombings left dozens dead in Hargeisa, as well as in Puntland.

The leader of the main Islamist group al-Shabab, Ahmed Cabdi Godane – who is himself from Somaliland – was blamed for the attacks.

“We are on our guard,” President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo told me.

“We are doing our level best to encourage young people through education and work, and to engage them in useful activities instead of going to extremist groups like al-Shabab.”

Somaliland is seen as a transit route for militant groups going into Somalia proper, and the government here is keen to assist international efforts to tackle this.

Although Mr Silanyo has been applauded for his efforts since taking office in July, this has not given him the international recognition he craves.

Referendum hopes

Somaliland is free from the violence plaguing Somalia

On a recent trip of Western capitals to press Somaliland’s case, he told me that it deserved to be seen as an independent country.

Historically, it was a different country from Somalia, which was divided by the French, Italian and British colonial powers, he explained.

Somaliland was British and was independent for five days in 1961, before it opted to join the rest of the country.

Those five days though are crucial in legal terms to the government and gives it a basis to claim it was once an independent state.

Ethnically, the people I encountered in Somaliland are no different from their brethren elsewhere, but their lives in the last 20 years have been relatively free from the violence and divisions that have plagued the rest of Somalia.

Now President Silanyo feels that with Southern Sudan likely to become independent, the people of Somaliland cannot be denied the chance of their own referendum to vote for secession.

The key question for the intentional community is whether it should be allowed to go it alone, or be forced to remain part of Somalia to help bring greater peace and prosperity to a country that has known only war for two decades?

Source: BBC World News

January 24, 2011

London: Xaflad loo Sameeyey ku Dhawaaqista Rugta Kutubta Qaranka ee Somaliland

Filed under: NEWS — somaliland247 @ 11:07 pm
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London: Xaflad loo Sameeyey ku Dhawaaqista Rugta Kutubta Qaranka ee Somaliland

London (Jam)- Xaflad ballaadhan oo loo sameeyey ku dhawaaqista Rugta Kutubta Qaranka Somaliland (Somaliland National Library), ayaa habeennimadii Jimcaha la soo dhaafay lagu qabtay galbeedka magaalada London ee carriga Ingiriiska.

Munaasabaddan oo ahayd mid si heer sare ah loo soo agaasimay, isla markaana ka qaybgaleen aqoonyahanno, abwaano, culimaa’udiin, haween iyo dadweyne kale oo tiro badan oo reer Somaliland ah, waxa ugu horreyn ereyo kooban oo soo dhawayn ah ka jeediyay Maxamed Cumar Maygaag oo ka xog-warramay qiimaha iyo faa’iidada ku jirta abuurista maktabad qaran oo Somaliland yeelato.

Maxamuud Sheekh Axmed Dalmar oo xafladdaas ka hadlay, ayaa si cilmiyaysan uga warramay muhiimadda aqoontu u leedahay bani’aadamka iyo tixgalinta ay diinta islaamku siisay waxbarashada oo siduu sheegay laga dareemi karayo kitaamka Qur’aanka Kariimka ah.

Sheekh Dalmar waxa uu ku dheeraaday doorkii musliiimtu ka soo qaateen horumarinta tacliinta, keydinteeda iyo weliba dhiirrigelinta qoritaanka iyo maktabadaha, taas oo buu yidhi ah mid maanta dunida laga dareemi karo raadkoodii, gaar ahaan dhinaca culuunta iyo waxbarashada.

Maxamed Ibraahim Warsame (Hadraawi), ayaa ugu horreyn warbixin kooban ka bixiyey xaaladda waqtigan ee dalka Somaliland iyo siday lama huraan u tahay in gudo iyo dibadba la wada ogaado baahida maktabadda cusub, taasoo siduu sheegay dib ugu noqonaysa imaatinkii gumeysiga ee dalka oo sababtay in dadka hankooda la dilo oo hunguri badan geliyo.

Abwaan Hadraawi waxa uu ugu baaqay dadka reer Somaliland inay taageeraan oo gacan ka geystaan hirgalinta mashruuca rugta kutubta qaranka, taas oo wax weyn ka tari doonta horumarinta waxbarashada dalka.

SAMOTALIS ee hormoodka ka ah hirgelinta mashruuca abuurista rugta kutubta qaranka, ayaa sheegay in maktabaddan cusub ku kici doonto lacag lagu qiyaasay $665.00 kun oo dollar, kharashkaas oo uu xusay inay rajaynayaan in 65% ka mid ah ay bixiyaan deeq-bixiyeyaasha caalamiga ah, halka inta kale ka filayaan in qurba-joogga, dawladda iyo ganacsatada Somaliland ku tabarucaan.

muxaadaro ka soo jeediyay Sh. Siciid Maxamed Faarax oo xusey kheyrka badan ee ku jira hirgelinta mashruuca maktabadda qaranka, waxaannu ku dheeraaday sidii asaxaabtii Rasuulku (SCW) ugu tartami jireen wax bixinta; ilaa in badan oo ka mid ah wada bixiyeen wixii ay heysteen oo dhanba.

Sheekh Siciid waxa uu ka qaybgalayaasha xafladda ku boorriyey inay aakhiradooda wax ula baxaan oo intaan mowdku haleelin sadaqo badan sii hormarsadaan.

Source:Jamhuuriya Online

Danish money for Somaliland pirate prison

Filed under: NEWS — somaliland247 @ 10:51 pm
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Danish money for Somaliland pirate prison

Copenhagen: 22-Jan-2011. Danish Foreign Minister Lene Espersen (K), together with Development Søren Pind (V) provide financial support to renovate a prison in Somaliland, where condemned Somali pirates can be put behind bars. The newspaper Berlingske Tidende.

The joint decision is taken prior to an early publication of a UN report that will indicate the need for establishment of judicial and penitentiary sectors in Somalia as a key factor in preventing piracy.

But as the Somalia and security policy as economic lies across as a civil war ravaged failed state, the UN report, pointing to the relatively stable Somaliland, as the first place where it is possible to implement the prison project.

The two ministers will allocate 1.7 million dollars of the two ministries global framework to renovate an old jail to house convicted pirates.Several states in the region, including Kenya, Seychelles, has agreed to receive and judge the captured pirates.

Prison capacity in the two countries is limited, and Kenya has actually declined more captured pirates. Denmark grants already support for the part and leader of an international group advising the UN Secretary General on the law.

(http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Udland/2011/01/22/030728.htm)

Somaliland:Ethiopia Donates 100 Scholarships to Somaliland Students

Filed under: NEWS — somaliland247 @ 9:12 pm
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Somaliland:Ethiopia Donates 100 Scholarships to Somaliland Students

HARGEISA—The top one hundred students from Somaliland have received full scholarships from the government of Ethiopia to attend Ethiopian universities and colleges. It was during President Ahmed Mohamud Silaanyo’s visit to Ethiopia that the Ethiopian government offered to give this 100 scholarship to Somaliland government and its people. These students consist some of the top high school graduates from all sector of Somaliland, some from the minority communities and four handicap students.

Speaking to the departure students at a farewell ceremony Ethiopia’s representative to Somaliland told the students to be the ambassadors for Somaliland while in Ethiopia and that they should take advantage of these scholarships. Also present at the farewell ceremony were vice minister of Education Ali Hamud Jibril and few other government officials.

Source:SomalilandPress

January 22, 2011

Madaxweynaha JSL Mudane: Axmed Maxamed(SIILAANYO) Oo Qaabilay Ganacsato Ka Socda Imaaraadka Carabta


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 Madaxweynaha JSL Mudane: Axmed Maxamed(SIILAANYO) Oo Qaabilay Ganacsato Ka Socda Imaaraadka Carabta

War-Saxaafadeed

Hargeysa 22/01/2011: Madaxweynaha Somaliland Md Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud Siilaanyo ayaa maanta xafiiskiisa ku qaabilay wafti ka socda imaaraadka carabta, waftigaas oo ahaa ganacsato reer imaaraad ah.

Waftiga ayaa madaxweyne Siilaanyo kala hadlay sidii ay meel ugu tiiran lahaayeen wada shaqayn dhex marta xukumadiisa iyo waftigooda, war saxaafadeed laga soo saaray kulanka madaxweynaha iyo waftiga ayaa laga soo saaray warsaxaafaded, kaas oo nuqul ka mid ahi soo gaadhay xafiiska wararka ee iftin.net ee magaalada hargeysa, kaas oo u dhignaa sidan

“Madaxweynaha JSL Mudane: AXMED MAXAMED MAXAMUUD (SIILAANYO) ayaa Maanta Xafiiskiisa ku qaabilay Wefti Arrimo Ganacasi u socda oo uu Hogaaminaayo Sarkaal ka socda Imaarada Raasul Khayma.

Weftigan oo uu ka mid ahaa Ganacsadaha Al-jaabiri waxa ay madaxweynaha kala Hadleen sii xoojinta Xidhiidhka ganacsi ee u dhexeeya labada Dal ee Somaliland iyo Sucuudiga.

Madaxweynuhu waxa uu Weftiga u sheegay sida ay Somaliland diyaarka ugu tahay Maal-gashiga Dalka Gudihiisa Gaar ahaan Ganacsiga Wershadaha IWM.

Madaxweynuhu waxa uu Xubnaha Weftiga uga Mahad celiyey Booqashada ay ku yimaadeen Dalka Somaliland.

ALLAA MAHAD LEH

Cabdillaahi Maxamed Daahir ( Cukuse )

Af-hayeenka Madaxtooyada JSL.

January 17, 2011

Xukuumada Somaliland Oo Shaaca Ka Qaaday Inay Lacagihii Laga Qaadi Jiray Ardeyda Dugsiyada Hoose/Dhexe Dawliga Ay Joojisay.


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VIDEO: Somaliland Education Minister London UK Visit 16 Jan 2011

 

Xukuumada Somaliland Oo Shaaca Ka Qaaday Inay Lacagihii Laga Qaadi Jiray Ardeyda Dugsiyada Hoose/Dhexe Dawliga Ay Joojisay.

Hargeysa(HWN):-Xukuummada Somaliland ayaa maanta shaaca ka qaaday inay ka deysay lacagtii laga qaadi jiray ardeyda dhigata Dugsiyada Hoose/Dhexe ee Xukuumada laga bilaabo bisha February ee sanadkan 2011.

Sidaa waxa bayaamiyey Wasiirka Maaliyada Somaliland Eng. Maxamed Xaashi Cilmi oo maanta Shirjaraa’id ku qabtay Xafiiskiisa Magaalada Hargeysa.

“Waxaanu idin ogaysiinayna in aanu joojinay ardeydii laga qaadi jiray lacagaha ee dhigan jiray Dugsiyada Hoose/Dhexe ee Xukuummada, taas oo dhibaato ku ahayd qoysas tiro badan. Maanta oo danyartii looga tagay Iskuuladii dawlada”ayuu yidhi Wasiirka Maaliyadu Eng. Maxamed Xaashi Cilmi.

Mar uu Wasiirka maaliyada Somaliland oo ka hadlayey sababta keentay in lacagta laga qaado ardeyda Dugsiyada laga daayo wakhtigan waxa uu yidhi“1500 oo macalin ayaa qaadan jiray Gunada laga qaado ardeyda, taas oo keentay in la eryi-waayo ardeygii akhlaaqda xumaa oo la eegto laccagta laga qaadayo, iyo in Glass-yadu buuxsamaan, waxyaabahaas oo dhami waxay hoos u dhigeen tayadii waxbarasho ee Dugsiyada Xukuumamda, taas oo keentay in qofkii lacag heystay ardeydiisa geysto meel kale”

 Talaabadan ayaa ah mid horumar ah oo ay xukuummada Madaxweyne Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud [Siilaanyo] ku talaabsatay mudadii lixda bilood ahayd ee ay xilka haysay, Sidoo kale waxa iyaduna talaabo lagu diirsaday ah talaabada ay xukuummadu lacagta ugu kordhisay Ciidamada iyo shaqaalaha dawlada.

 Source: (Hadhwanaagnews)

Mustafe-Janaale

Hargeysa/Somaliland

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Somaliland: If Eritrea & South Sudan Could Gain Sovereignty, So Could Somaliland

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Somaliland: If Eritrea & South Sudan Could Gain Sovereignty, So Could Somaliland

“In 1960, I took a country [Somaliland] with a viable economy, a balanced budged, and 2.5 million pounds in investment to Mogadishu…our [Somaliland´s] previous existence, history, and everything else has been eliminated…”—Mohammed H.I. Egal, Somaliland´s late President.

Although the African Union´s (A.U.) charter on the territorial integrity stipulates—or more precisely: pays lip services—to preserve the integrity of the colonial borders that the African nations inherited from the European colonizers, Eritrea seceded from Ethiopia on May 24, 1993, long after the colonials departed from Africa. Furthermore, with its new borders soon to be drawn, South Sudan is about to be carved out of Sudan. Now, if South Sudan and Eritrea could secede, Somaliland could, legally and morally, revert to its original borders, nullifying its doomed emotional union with Somalia, in 1960.

Somaliland borders are defined by the A.U.´s charter and the United Nation´s criteria for statehood. Legally, Somaliland neither violates the A.U.´s charter, nor U.N.´s definition for statehood. For one thing, Article 4 of A.U.´s charter calls for, “Respect of borders existing on achievement of independence”. Article 4 doesn´t state, explicitly or implicitly, whatsoever, if two African nations unite, as in the case of Somaliland and Somalia, “Respect of borders existing on achievement after two states unite.”; nor does Article 4 say, “Respect of borders existing on achievement after the two states forming unity reach a verbal or a legal agreement”. Clearly, what Somaliland calls for is the A.U. to respect its own charter: that is, “Respect of [Somaliland] borders existing on achievement of independence.” For another, the U.N. states, “A sovereign state is a state with a defined territory on which it exercises internal and external sovereignty, a permanent population, a government, independence from other states and powers, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states.” Doubtlessly, Somaliland has a defined territory with clear international bounders inherited from the former British Somaliland with permanent population. Furthermore, not only is Somaliland in full control of its territory, but it also permeates democracy and the rule of law throughout the country. Additionally, Somaliland engages other nations bilaterally. Any way you slice it, Somaliland meets the criteria for statehood.

Despite Somaliland unambiguously fulfilling the fundamental conditions for statehood, some Somali unionists want to pull a fast one on you. Their assertions about the union between Somaliland and Somalia are based on flimsy arguments and verbal contracts between Somaliland and Somalia rather than on legal documents. The pro-unity groups argue that Somaliland´s sovereignty ceased to exist when it joined Somaliland in 1960. But there are two problems. One is: the union was never ratified. Somali unionists may groan and moan, whimper and whisper about Somali unity (or sacred cow), shed more tears than thunderclouds could spill rains for it, and write a deluge of opinionated articles to support it, but they fail to produce the only crucial material needed: legal documents signed by Somaliland and Somali leaders that prove beyond a shadow of a doubt the legality of Somali union is untouchable. Worse yet, the unionists´ assertions don´t comply with the A.U.´s charter; nor do their unity reasons meet the U.N.´s criteria for statehood. In other words, Somaliland—one of the 17 African countries that gained independence in 1960 and was recognized by 34 countries before it relinquished its sovereignty to join Somalia—has the right to retain its border inherited from Britain based on the A.U.´s charter, not on anecdotal evidences. Additionally, whether Somaliland ceases to exist as a sovereign state does not depend upon the verbal contracts it has with Somalia but depends upon if the United Nation´s definition for statehood is violated.

Now, when the pro-unity camp feels inundated with overwhelming legal cases supporting Somaliland´s right to statehood, they conveniently ignore the A.U. and the U.N.´s charters and play, yet, another trick. Employing what they know best, their most horned skills, they, preposterously, resort to: the clan card (the clan canard). In a nefarious effort to sabotage Somaliland´s quest for sovereignty, they make desperate attempts to disintegrate Somaliland into clan fiefdoms. Also, to show their utter contempt towards Somaliland, some unionists even burn its flag while others wage a bloody war against Somaliland. How wicket! But one of the lame arguments which the pro-unity choruses repeatedly rehearse states, “The Dhulbahante clans of Somaliland never signed any treaties with the British colonizers, and as such their territory was never part of the Somaliland British Protectorate.” Granted that Dhulbahante clans didn´t sign any treaties with the British colonizers—but so what! Is anyone under the illusion that the colonizers had every African tribe´s (or clan´s) consent to include or exclude it from joining a newly created African republic? Of course not! For instance, Ethiopia alone has 91 different tribes. Now, is anyone convinced that the colonizers that drew the Ethiopian borders had the consent of the 91 tribes to become part of Ethiopia? No. The same goes for the rest Africa. Essentially, what the pro-unity groups are determined to do is: draw new tribal borders with blood while dismantling the internationally recognized boundaries—the colonial borders—in the name of resurrecting Somali unity. Paradox!

Put it differently: were Dhulbahante clans not part of Somaliland when it gained its independence in 1960, or did they join Somalia as a separate entity with its distinctive name (perhaps: the nomadic republic of Dhulbahante)? Again, the answer is no. In 1960, when Somaliland got its independence all its regions including the PSS region, home to Dhulbahante clans, joined Somalia as one entity called: Somaliland. They neither joined Somalia separately, nor negotiated for power sharing with Somalia independently.

Besides, today, not all Dhulbahante clans oppose Somaliland. A number of them not only chauvinistically support Somaliland´s quest for statehood but also vehemently reject the Somali unionists´ divisive and destructive tribal doctrine. Some clans adamantly believe that they have always been part of Somaliland society—historically, culturally, and geographically, and as such they want to retain their inalienable rights to remain part of Somaliland. A prove of this assertion is that Somaliland could not have ruled the PSS region without local clans and their politicians´ support.

On the flip side, what the pro-unity group conveniently ignore or due to selective amnesia forget is: just as Dhulbahante clans of Somaliland have their rights to join Somalia, not Somaliland, as the pro-unity group emphasize, because of their tribal affiliations to Puntland´s population—so too the Issa clans of Somaliland have their God-given rights to secede to Djibouti because of tribal affinity reasons. A double-edged sword, isn´t it? What´s more, the large Dir clans of southern Somalia and their land have equal rights to join Somaliland´s Dir clans (Isaq, Gudabirsay and Issa). If asked to join Somaliland, the Dir clans of southern Somalia would do so in a heartbeat. (Unionists, please make up your minds! How do you like your steaks cooked: medium or rare?) Unionists should be careful what they wish for—they may not like it. In this case, clearly, they are better off sticking with the A.U. and the U.N.´s criteria for statehood; otherwise, if their arguments are justified, the odds will favor Somaliland. It will gain more land, resources, and population.

Similarly, the A.U., U.N., and Somali unionists avoid mentioning that 1991 is not the first time that Somaliland attempted to withdraw its emotional, gunshot marriage with Somalia. In 1960, no sooner Somaliland and Somalia united than Somaliland began withdrawing from the union; once Somalilanders realized that they got the shaft in power sharing, the northerners´ (Somalilanders´) discontent was immediate. A unity referendum with the south (Somalia) was conducted in June 1961, followed by a group of northern disgruntled army officers who carried out a coup d´état in Somaliland. A research paper entitled, A Self-Portrait of Somaliland: Rebuilding from the Ruins details, “Of the 100,000 recorded voters in Somaliland, over 60% opposed the constitution, 72% in Hargeysa, 69% in Berbera, 66% in Burco and 69% in Ceerigaabo. As a vote of confidence in unity with the south, Somaliland had given a resoundingly negative verdict (Drysdale: 1994). Nevertheless, the vote was carried by a southern majority.” As history attests, 1991 is the second time that Somaliland attempted to divorce Somalia, but to no avail.

Additionally, Somaliland is not the first nation that voluntarily joined another, and as the hasty union went from jubilant to disastrous abandoned the marriage. Egypt and Syria, Senegal and Gambia, Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau, and Senegal and Mali all renounced their original commitment to unity and reverted to their colonial borders. And Somaliland is not an exception.

From 1960 to 1991, thirty-one years of oppression, Somaliland people not only lost everything, but they also became a minority in their land. In late ´80s, during the northerners´ revolt against the former Somali dictator, Gen. Mohammed Siad Barre´s barbaric regime, all Somaliland´s major cities were pulverized to dust, and over 60, 000 civilians were slaughtered. Somaliland was brought to its knees. And Somalilanders´ land was supposed to be inherited by other Somalis according to the infamous former Somali Army General, a.k.a the butcher of Hargeisa, General Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan´s letter: The Letter of Death in which he purposed a campaign of obliteration against northern Somalis.

But then war-ravaged yet optimistic Somalilanders thought that it would get better. Despite their popular referendum for sovereignty held on May 31, 2001 in which 97% voted in favor of independence, from 1991 to 2011, twenty years of holding Somaliland hostage, both the U.N. and the A.U. continue to deny Somaliland´s right to exist, not because of legal reasons, but because of countries like Egypt which wields a major power in the A.U. ´s decision making and Saudi Arabia which most of the A.U. countries depend on for handouts, resolutely oppose and vigorously campaign against Somaliland’s independence.

In addition to the overwhelming evidences that support Somaliland´s right to statehood, legally and morally, if Eretria and South Sudan could gain sovereignty, even though they were not countries with specific populations and defined borders before the colonial regimes departed from Africa, while, on the other hand, Somaliland which fulfils the criteria for statehood and retains its colonial borders is held hostage—then the credibility´s of the A.U. and the U.N. are in question. It would be immoral if Somaliland is held hostage any longer because of political reasons, not because of legal challenges.

As one can see, evidently, failure to grant Somaliland its sovereignty would open a can of worms. Because of the A.U. and the U.N.´s indifference to Somaliland´s political and economic limbo and their intransigence to grant its independence would surely expose the A.U. and the U.N.´s moral bankruptcy, where they would be viewed as the symbols of injustice. Consequently, many regions around the world that struggle for recognition and self-determination would take a leaf out of Somaliland´s historical fact book for statehood and take matters into their hands; new ones will follow in suit.

As for the Somali unionists, they either want to play their clan ruse (their clan card) which they will lose because Somaliland holds all the aces, or stick with the A.U. and U.N.´s criteria for statehood. The pro-unity groups´ arguments remain paradoxical to the core, replete with self-sabotaging canards. Logically, winning the hearts and minds of Somaliland people to reunite with Somalia as one entity is far more rational approach than transforming their peaceful country into perpetually feuding clans, in order to impede its quest for independence.

Also, if Eritrea and South Sudan could secede, what would be the legal, moral, and logical reasons for withholding Somaliland´s sovereignty? From 1960 to 2011—fifty-one years of struggle for self-determination, Somaliland will not settle for anything less than full independence. No ifs, ands, or buts! And independent or not, Somaliland is here to stay. What is good for Eritrea and South Sudan is also good for Somaliland.

Clearly, if there was ever the slightest fear of a break-away region in Africa setting a precedent, Eritrea and South Sudan would not have been let go. And in the case of Somaliland, it is neither breaking-away from Somalia nor violating the A.U.´s charter. Simply, Somaliland wants to revert to its original borders. Therefore, it is time for the A.U. to practice what it preaches: “Respect of [Somaliland] borders existing on achievement of independence.”

by Dalmar Kaahin

dalmar_k@yahoo.com

January 10, 2011

VIDEO/PICTURES:MADAXWEYNAHA SOMALILAND OO BOOKHDAY GOBOLKA SAAXIL,BERBERA


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